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മൃഗസംരക്ഷണം > എരുമ

tcmK§fpw \nb{´WamÀ¤§fpw

FcpaIsf _m[n¡pó kmw{IanI tcmK§fmb Ipf¼ptcmKw, {_qktemknkv, £bw, IpceS¸³, Icn¦mð, sF._n.BÀ Fónh h³ k¼¯nI \ã¯n\nShcp¯mdpïv. {_qktemknkv, £bw Fónh {][m\s¸« P´pP\y tcmK§fmWv.

hnc_m[,  _mly]cmZ_m[ Fónh FcpaIfnð Iïphcpó tcmK§fmWv. t]mjI\yq\X, hÔyX Fónh aqeapÅ tcmK§fpw ]mð Dð¸mZ\s¯ {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡pó AInSp]n¯w, D]m]NbtcmK§Ä Fónhbpw FcpaIfnð kÀhkm[mcWbmWv.

AkntUmknkv (Acidosis)

AóPw AS§nb `£yhkvXp¡Ä IqSnb Afhnð \ðIpóXv tcmK¯n\nShcp¯pw. Xoä XnómXncn¡ð, Ab sh«mXncn¡ð, \nÀPeoIcWw, Fgptóð¡m³ _p²nap«v,  t_m[£bw Fónh {]ISamb tcmKe£W§fmWv. Nne kµÀ`§fnð Fcpa s]s«óv N¯pt]mImdpïv.

ss_ImÀ_tWäpIÄ, s_³sSmss\äpIÄ apXembh Chbvs¡Xncmbn \ðImw.

hbdps]cp¸w (Bloat)

antY³, ImÀ_¬ UtbmIvsskUv FónhbpsS Afhv IqSpóXmWv hbdps]cp¸¯n\v ImcWw. ]¨¸pñv, ]bdphÀ¤§Ä Fónh DbÀó tXmXnð s]s«óv Ign¡póXv tcmKe£W§Ä¡nShcp¯pw. ]¨¸pñv sNdpXmbn DW¡n \ðIpóXpw hbvt¡mð tNÀ¯v \ðIpóXpw Bânt^manMv hkvXp¡Ä, Bân _tbm«n¡pIÄ, AbtWmt^mdpIÄ Fónh \ðIpóXpw tcmK\nb{´W¯n\v A\nhmcyamWv.

Ipf¼ptcmKw (Foot and Mouth Disease, FMO)

Cc«¡pf¼pÅ arK§sf _m[n¡pó ]IÀ¨hym[nIfnsemómWv Ipf¼ptcmKw.  ]nt¡mÀW C\w sshdkpIfmWv tcmK¯n\v ImcWw. \mS³ C\w IópImenIfnð tcmKw IqSpXembpw Iïphcpóp.

Xnf¸n¡pt¼mgpw, 1--2% tkmUnbw sslt{UmIvsskUv D]tbmKn¨mepw sshdkpIÄ \in¡póXmbn Isï¯nbn«pïv. Bkvt{Senb, \yqknem³Uv, Kn\n, Nne bqtdm]y³ cmPy§Ä FónhnS§fnð HgnsI temI¯nse Fñm cmPy§fnepw Ipf¼ptcmKw ImWs¸Spóp. tcmKw _m[n¨ arK§fpsS hnkÀPyhkvXp¡Ä, {kh§Ä FónhbneqsS sshdkv ]pdt¯¡v {]hln¡pw. kq£vasshdkpIfmbXn\mð Ch hmbphnðIqSn aäp arK§fnse¯n tcmKe£Wapfhm¡pw. IópIp«nIfnð 20þ--25% hsc Ipf¼ptcmKw acW¯n\nShcp¯mdpïv.

FcpaIfnð {]ISamb tcmKe£W§Ä Xo{hX Ipdª coXnbnemWv ImWs¸SpóXv. ]mepð¸mZ\¯nð Ipdhv, Xoä XnómXncn¡ð, hmbnð \nópw Dan\oÀ Hgp¡ð FónhbmWv s]mXphmb tcmKe£W§Ä.  Ipf¼pIÄ¡nSbnð Imcyamb {hW§Ä ImWs¸Smdnñ. tcmKmcw`¯nð ]\nbpïmIpw. \S¡m³ _p²nap«v A\p`hs¸Spw. hmbv¡I¯pw \m¡n\papIfnepw IpanfIfpïmIpw. Ch ]nóoSv s]m«n {hW§fmbn¯ocpóp.

sshdkv tcmKambXn\mð ^e{]Zamb NnInÕbnñ. tcmKe£W§Ä\pkcn¨mWv NnInÕ \ðInhcpóXv. ]mÀiz AWp_m[ Hgnhm¡m³ Bân_tbm«n¡pIÄ \ðImw. Ipf¼v 2% Bew emb\nbnð IgpIWw. 1-2% t^mÀamen³, tkmUnbw sslt{UmIvsskUv, 4% tkmUnbw ImÀ_tWäv Fónh sXmgp¯v IgpIm³ D]tbmKn¡mw. t\À¸n¨ s]m«mkyw s]ÀamwKt\äv emb\n sImïv hmb IgpIn hmbv¡I¯v s_mdmIvkv ¥nkdn³ XShWw. Ipf¼pIÄ¡nSbnð Cu¨Isf AIäm³ klmbn¡pó te]\§Ä D]tbmKn¡mw.

Ipf¼ptcmKw \nb{´n¡phm\pÅ ^e{]Zamb amÀKw FcpaIsf P\n¨v 4 amk¯n\ptijw {]Xntcm[ Ip¯nshbv¸n\v hnt[bam¡pI FópÅXmWv. ]ónIfnð IqSnbpÅ tcmK_m[bv¡v Xo{hX IqSpXembXn\mð Ahsb Ipf¼ptcmK¯ns\Xncmbn Ip¯nshbv¸n¡Ww. tcmKw _m[n¨ FcpaIsf amän ]mÀ¸n¡m\pw {i²n¡Ww.

Imenhk´ (Rinderpest)

CXv IópImen t¹Kv Fó t]cnednbs¸Spóp. tamÀ_nñn sshdkv BWv tcmKapïm¡póXv. tcmKs¯ C´ybnð\nópw ]qÀWambpw \nÀamÀP\w sN¿m³ Ignªn«pïv. iàamb ]\n, hbdnf¡w FónhbmWv tcmKe£W§Ä. tcmKw aqeapÅ acW\nc¡v hfsc IqSpXemWv. tcmK\nb{´W¯n\mbn ^e{]Zamb SnjyqIĨÀ hmIvkn³ Cópïv. Ch 3 hÀjs¯ tcmK{]Xntcm[tijn Dd¸phcp¯pw.

amenKv\âv Iädð ^ohÀ (Malignant Catarrhal Fever)

FcpaIfnse amcIamb tcmKamWnXv. ]\n, hbdnf¡w, enw^v {KÙn ho¡w FónhbmWv tcmKe£W§Ä. slÀ¸nkv sshdkpIfmWv tcmKapïm¡póXv. Fñm cmPy§fnepw tcmKw Iïphcpóp. Xoä XnómXncn¡ð, ]mepð¸mZ\¯nð Ipdzv, aqs¡men¸v, izmkXSkw FónhbmWv {][m\ tcmKe£W§Ä. Fcpa Nnet¸mÄ {`m´nfInb amXncnbpÅ tcmKe£W§Ä, Fgptóð¡m³ _p²nap«v, XfÀ¨, t_m[£bw Fónh {]ISn¸n¡mdpïv.

tcmK\nb{´W¯n\mbn FcpaIsf sN½cnbmSnð \nópw amän ]mÀ¸n¡Ww. tcmKw _m[n¨ FcpaIÄ¡v ]mÀiz  AWp_m[ \nb{´n¡m\mbn Bân_tbm«nIv acpópIÄ \ðtIïnhcpw.

t]hnj_m[ (Rabbies)

enkmP\pÊnðs¸« dm_vtUm sshdkpIfmWv tcmKapïm¡póXv. t]_m[n¨ arK§fpsS ISntbð¡póXphgnbmWv tcmKw ]IcpóXv. sshdkpIÄ \mUnX´p¡fnð hfÀóps]cpIn Xet¨mdnse¯pw hmbnð \nópw Dan\oÀ HgpIð, CSbv¡nsSbpÅ aq{Xsamgn¡ð, Xoä XnómXncn¡ð, Fgptóð¡m³ _p²nap«v, CSbv¡nsSbpÅ Ic¨nð, XfÀ¨ FónhbmWv s]mXphmb tcmKe£W§Ä.

tcmK\nb{´W¯n\mbn ]q¨Isfbpw hfÀ¯p \mbv¡sfbpw t]hnj_m[bvs¡Xncmbn Ip¯nshbv¸n¡Ww. BZyIp¯nshbv¸v 9 mas¯ BgNbnepw _pÌÀtUmkv 13mas¯ BgvNbnepw \S¯mw. Hcp hÀj¯n\ptijw XpSÀIp¯nshbv¸v \S¯Ww.

FcpaIsf t]_m[n¨ arK§fpsS ISntbð¡m¯ coXnbnð sXmgp¯nð ]mÀ¸n¡Ww. ISntbämð apdnhv tkm¸pw shffhpw D]tbmKn¨v IgpIn AWp\min\n emb\n ]pc«Ww. DS³ Xsó Bâodm_nkv Ip¯nshbv¸pIÄ FSp¸n¡Ww. FcpaIÄ¡v B{IaWkz`mhapÅXn\mð t] _m[n¨ arK§fpsS ISntbð¡m\pÅ km[yX IpdhmWv.

Fcpa hkqcn (Buffalo Pox)

HmÀ¯t]mIvkv IpSpw_¯nse _^tñm t]mIvvkv sshdkpIfmWv tcmKapïm¡póXv. tcmKw Fñm Gjy³ cmPy§fnepw dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿s¸«n«pïv.

]\n, Xoä¡v cpNn¡pdhv, £oWw, I®v Nphóv hcnI Fóo tcmKe£W§Ä XpS¡¯nð ImWmdpïv. AInSv, ape¡m¼pIÄ, Imensâ DÄhiw FónhnS§fnð sNdnb IpanfIÄ ImWmw.  Ch ]nóoSv s]m«n {hW§fmIpw. Nnet¸mÄ ]mÀiz AWp_m[ aqew AInSpho¡w DïmImdpïv. IópIp«nIÄ ]mð IpSn¡póXp aqew tamWIfnð AWp_m[bpïmImdpïv.

Idh kab¯v ]qÀ® ipNnXzw ]men¡póXpw sXmgp¯pw ]cnkchpw Znhtk\ hr¯nbm¡póXpw tcmK\nb{´W¯n\p]Icn¡pw. ]mÀiz AWp_m[ XSbm\pÅ aÀK§Ä kzoIcn¡Ww.

B{´mIvkv (Anthrax)

arK§sfbpw a\pjyscbpw _m[n¡pó P´pP\ytcmKw. _mknekv B{´mknkv Fó AWpPohnIfmWv tcmK¯n\v ImcWw. Ch A´co£¯nð hnLSn¨v kvt]mdpIfmbn¯ocpw. I«nbpÅ ]pdw IhN¯n\pÅnembXn\mð 15-þ20 hÀj§tfmfw a®nð Pohn¡m³ sIð¸pïv. kvt]mdpIÄ {]tXyI hnjmwiw Dð¸mZn¸n¡pw. kvt]mdpIÄ arK§fpsStbm a\pjycpsStbm icoc¯n\I¯v ISóv ]pdwIhNw amän AWpPohnIfmbn tcmKe£Ww Dfhm¡póp.  A´cot£mjvamhnð kvt]mdptej³ \S¡póXn\mð tcmKw aqew N¯ arK§sf t]mÌvtamÀ«w \S¯cpXv.

]ip¡sf At]£n¨v FcpaIÄ¡v tcmKk²yX IqSpXemWv. tcmKwaqew FcpaIÄ s]s«óp N¯pt]mIpóp. \mkmc{Ô§fnð \nópw icoc¯nse aäp kpjnc§fnð \nópw càw Dudnhcpw. Xo{hAWp_m[bpÅt¸mÄ tcmKe£W§Ä {]ISn¸n¡msX FcpaIÄ s]s«óv NmIpóp. KÀ`aekð, hbdnf¡w, \oÀs¡«v, izmkXSkw, XfÀ¨ Fóo tcmKe£W§Ä {]ISn¸n¡mdpïv.

Akvt¡mfPn sSÌv, càkm¼nfpIfpsS ]cntim[\ FónhbneqsS tcmKs¯ Xncn¨dnbmw. tcmK\nb{´W¯n\mbn B{´mIvkv kvt]mÀ hmIvkn³ (Anthrax spore vaccine) Cóv \nehnepïv. FcpaIsf hÀjw tXmdpw B{´mIvkv tcmK¯ns\Xncmbn Ip¯nshbv¸n¡Ww. tcmKw aqew N¯arK§sf Bg¯nð Ipgn¨paqSn apIfnð 2-3 ASp¡pIfmbn Ip½mbw hnXdWw.

IpceS¸³ (Haemorhagic septicaemia)

FcpaIfnð ]ip¡sf At]£n¨v tcmK_m[¡pff km[yX 3 Cc«nbmWv. ]mkvNdnñ AWpPohnIÄ a®nð hfsc¡mew Pohn¡m³ sIð¸pÅhbmWv. ag¡me¯nsâ Bcw`¯nð Xg¨phfcpó sNdpt]mdepIfnð IqSn tcmKmWp¡Ä AI¯v IS¡pw. ]\n, Iogv¯mSn¡v Npäpw \ocv, hbdnf¡w, izmkXSkvkw Fónh s]mXphmb tcmKe£W§fmWv.

IpceS¸s\Xncmbn HS Broth Oil adjuvant hIvkn\pIÄ Cóv e`yamWv. FcpaIsf hÀjw tXmdpw CXns\Xnsc Ip¯nhbv¸nt¡ïXmWv.

{_qktñmknkv (Brucellosis)

hÔyX, KÀ`aekð Fónhbv¡nShcp¯pó {_qktñmknkv a\pjycnepw tcmKapïm¡pw. Ch KÀ`mibw, hrjW§Ä, enw^v {KÙnIÄ, kÔnIÄ FónhnS§fnð hkn¡póhbmWv. FcpaIfnð 6 amk¯n\p tijamWv KÀ`aekð IïphcpóXv. adp]nÅ hogm³ _p²nap«v, KÀ`mib¯nð ]gp¸v Fóo tcmKe£W§fpw Iïphcpóp.

tcmKw _m[n¨FcpaIfpsS ]menð IqSn tcmKmWp¡Ä ]pdt¯¡v {]hln¡póXn\mð ]meneqsS a\pjycnte¡v tcmK_m[bv¡v km[yXbpïv. tcmKw _m[n¨ arK§sf sImópIfbpIbmWv ^e{]Zamb \nb{´W amÀKw. IópIp«nIfnð 4-þ8 amkw {]mb¯nð {_qkñ kvs{Sbn³ 19 hmIvkn³ D]tbmKn¡mw.

tcmK_m[ Dsïóv kwibn¡pó FcpaIfpsS KÀ`mib{kh§Ä, adp]nÅ, KÀ`aeknb Ahinã§Ä Fónh {i²tbmsS adhpsN¿Ww. AWp\miI emb\n Xfn¡pIbpw thWw.

£bw (Tuberculosis)

{][m\s¸« P´pP\ytcmKamWnXv. CSbv¡nsS ]\n, Xoäbv¡v cpNn¡pdhv, Npa, icocw £bn¡pI Fónh s]mXphmb tcmK e£W§fmWv. NqSv, AWp\min\nIÄ Fónhsb {]Xntcm[n¡m³ sIð¸pÅhbmWv AWpPohnIÄ. Ch t\cnt«m, hmbphneqsStbm FcpaIfnse¯pw. tcmKw _m[n¨ FcpabpsS ]mð, {kh§Ä, NmWIw, aq{Xw, I^w FónhbneqsS tcmKmWp¡Ä ]pd¯phcpw. ]mkvNssdtkj³ {]{InbbneqsS ]mense tcmKWp¡sf \in¸n¡mw

knwKnÄ C³{SmsUÀað sSÌv (Single intradermal test), tjmÀ«v sXÀað sSÌv (Short thermal test), tÌmÀtamïv sSÌv (Storemont test), Fónh tcmKw Xncn¨dnbm\mbn D]tbmKn¨phcpóp.

enÌocntbmknkv (Listeriosis)

F³k^sseänkv, KÀ`aekð, ]\n, AInSpho¡w FónhbmWv tcmKe£W§Ä. {]mbIqSpXepÅ FcpaIfnemWv tcmKw IqSpXembpw IïphcpóXv. IópIp«nIfnð 3-4 Znhk¯n\Iw acWw kw`hn¡pw. \mUohyqls¯ _m[n¡póXn\mð FcpaIÄ h«wNpän\S¡pw. ]gInb ssktePv \ðIpóXv tcmK_m[¡nShcp¯pw. hmIvkn³ thï{X ^e{]Zañ.

IópIp«nIfnse hbdnf¡w

càw IeÀtóm, AñmsXtbm DÅ hbdnf¡w, £oWw, \nÀPeoIcWw, Fgptóð¡m³ _p²nap«v, \yptamWnb Fónh tcmKe£W§fmWv. Xoäbnð amäw hcp¯póXpw CeIvt{SmsseäpIÄ, Bân_tbm«n¡pIÄ Fónh \ðIpóXpw IópIp«nIsf sXmgn¯nð ipNnXzNpäp]mSnð kwc£n¡póXpw tcmK\nb{´W¯n\v AXymhiyamWv.

apS´³ ]\n (Ephemeral fever)

sshdkpIfpïm¡pó Cu tcmKw km³Uv ^vssf C\w Cu¨IfmWv ]c¯póXv. ]\n, Xoä XnómXncn¡ð, hndbð, ]mepð¸mZ\w Ipdbð Fónh {]mcw` tcmKe£W§fmWv. sshdkv ssIImepIfnse amwkt]inIsf _m[n¡póXn\mð ssIImepIfnð amdnamdn apS´v ImWs¸Spw. FcpaIfnepw InSm¡fnepamWv IqSpXembpw tcmKw IïphcpóXv. tcmKe£W§Ä aqóv Znhkt¯mfw \oïp\nð¡pw. sXmgp¯nð \nóv Cu¨Isfbpw sImXpIpIsfbpw \nb{´n¡pIbmWv apJy \nhmcWamÀKw.

hnc_m[

FcpaIÄ¡v ta¨nð {]hWX IqSpXembXn\mð ]ip¡sf At]£n¨v hnc_m[bv¡pÅ km[yX A[nIamWv.

AkvXmcnbmknkv, ss^tednbknkv, Bw^ntÌmtamknkv, ^mjntbmfmknkv apXembh FcpaIfnð km[mcWbmbn ImWpópïv. AkvXmcnbmknkv Fcpa¡p«nIfnemWv IqSpXembn IïphcpóXv. hfÀ¨ apcSn¡ð, hbdnf¡w, ae_Ôw XpS§nbh {][m\ e£W§fmWv. tcmKwaqew IópIp«nIfnð acW\nc¡v IqSpXemWv. ss]¸dmkn³ AS§nb hncacpópIÄ Chs¡Xncmbn D]tbmKn¡mw. Fcpa¡p«nIÄ¡v P\n¨v 3, 7, 21 Znhk§fnð hncacpóv \ðIWw. 6 amkw hsc XpSÀ¨bmbn amk¯nsemcn¡ð hoXhpw, XpSÀóv NmWI km¼nfpIÄ ]cntim[n¨v 2 amk¯nsemcn¡epw t{_mUvkvs]Iv{Sw hncacpópIÄ \ðImw. Bw^ntÌmtamknkv, ^mjntbmfmknkv Fónhbv¡mbn HmIvkn t¢mbmss\Uv (Oxycloyanide) \ðImw. H¨pIsf hin¸n¡m\mbn Xpcnipemb\n D]tbmKn¡mw.

]q¸ð hnj_m[ (Aflatoxicosis)

]q¸ð _m[n¨ Xoä, hbvt¡mð, ]n®m¡pIÄ Fónhbnð hfcpó Akv]ÀPnñkv (Aspergillus) ]q¸epïm¡pó A^vfmtSmIvkn³ Fó hnjmwiamWv ]q¸ð hnj_m[bv¡v ImcWw. Ch Icfns\bmWv _m[n¡póXv. Xoä¡v cpNn¡pdhv, icocw £bn¡pI, hbdnf¡w, t_m[£bw, ]mepð¸mZ\¯nð Ipdhv FónhbmWv tcmKe£W§Ä.

\nb{´W amÀK§Ä

  1. ]q¸ð _m[n¨tXm, ]gInbtXm, ]q¸epsïóv kwibw tXmópótXm Bb Xoä FcpaIÄ¡v \ðIcpXv.
  2. Xoä 6-8 aWn¡qÀ t\cw shbne¯v DW¡n \ðIWw.
  3. Xoä¨m¡v XWp¯ ImäSn¡m¯ apdnbnð \ne¯v ]eI sh¨v `n¯ntbmSv kv]Àin¡msX shbv¡Ww.
  4. \\ª ]m{Xap]tbmKn¨v XoäsbSp¡cpXv.
  5. XWp¸pIme¯v \ne¡Se¸n®m¡v Hgnhm¡Ww.

D]m]Nb tcmK§Ä

FcpaIfnð {]khm\´cw £ockón, Iotämknkv, sslt¸mamán koanb, kq£vaaqeI§fmb sN¼v, kn¦v FónhbpsS \yq\X aqeapÅ tcmK§Ä, seUv, kbss\Uv, ss\t{Säv hnj_m[ Fónh ImWs¸Smdpïv. cïnð IqSpXð XhW {]khn¨ FcpaIfnð £ockón (milk fever) ImWs¸Smdpïv. Imðkyw, t^mkv^dkv, hnäman³ D FónhbpsS \yq\X tcmK¯n\nShcp¯pw.

AóP¯nsâ D]m]Nb XIcmdpIÄ Iotämknkn\nShcp¯pw. ]mð Dð¸mZ\¯nð Ipdhv, icocw £bn¡ð Fóo tcmKe£W§fpw {`m´nfInbamXncnbpÅ e£W§Ä, £oWw, hni¸nñmbva XpS§nb e£W§fpw {]ISn¸n¡mdpïv. tcmK\nb{´W¯n\mbn sUIvt{Smkv (Dextrose) Ip¯nhbv¸pIÄ \ðtIïnhcpw.

D]m]Nb tcmK\nb{´W¯n\mbn t]mjIaqeytadnb Xoä, hnäman³, [mXpehW§Ä, Bhiy¯n\v hymbmaw Fónh \ðtIïXmWv. ]¨¸pñv Xoäbnð DÄs¸Sp¯Ww. dºdne, I¸bne Fónh XnópóXv kbss\Uv hnj_m[¡nShcp¯pw. sslt¸m CXn\v ^e{]ZamWv. seUv hnj_m[ FcpaIfnð acW¯n\nShcp¯mdpïv. t_m[£bw, ImgvN¡pdhv Fónh {][m\ tcmKe£W§fmWv.

{]khkw_Ôamb tcmK§Ä

sN\bpÅ FcpaIfnð KÀ`mibw {]kh¯n\v apt¼m, {]khn¨v 4þ8 aWn¡qÀdn\Itam XÅn shfnbnte¡v hcmdpïv. tlmÀtamWpIfpsS Gä¡pd¨nð, KÀ`Ø IópIp«nbpsS Ne\w, KÀ`mib t]inIfpsSbpw enKsaâpIfpsSbpw tijn¡pdhv, AWp_m[ apXembh Chbv¡nS hcp¯pw. KÀ`mibw shfnbnte¡v hcpt¼mÄ Nnet¸mÄ aq{Xkônbpw XÅn hcmdpïv. ]pd¯phó`mKw s]m«kyw s]ÀamwKt\äv emb\nsImïv IgpIn F{Xbpw s]s«óv hnZKv[ NnInÕ e`yam¡m³ {ian¡Ww.

{]khe£W§Ä Iïn«pw {]khn¡mXncpómð hnja{]kh amsWóv A\pam\n¡mw. KÀ`mib¯nsâ hnImk¡pdhv, IópIp«nbpsS InS¸nepïmIpó hyXnbm\w, KÀ`mib t]inIfpsS kt¦mN¡pdhv, t]mjI\yq\X Fónh Chbv¡nShcp¯pw. DS³Xsó shädn\dn sUmÎdpsS kh\w tXSWw.

AInSpho¡w (Mastitis)

IdhamSpIfnð ]mepð¸mZ\s¯ {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡pó tcmKamWv AInSpho¡w. hnhn[bn\¯nðs¸« AWpPohnIfmWv tcmKapïm ¡póXv. IqSmsX ^wKkpIÄ, sshdkpIÄ Fónh tcmK¯n\nS hcp¯pw. ape¡m¼neqsS tcmKmWp¡Ä AI¯v ISóv tcmKe£Wapfhm¡pw. C´ybnð Fcpabnð Hcp Idhbnð 405 cq]bpsS \jvSw AInSpho¡w aqew DïmIpóXmbn IW¡m¡nbn«pïv.

hr¯nlo\amb Npäp]mSv, AInSnepïmIpó apdnhpIÄ, {hW§Ä, £X§Ä, Aimkv{XobIdhcoXnIÄ, ipNnXzt_m[anñm¯ Idh¡mc³, Ipdª tcmK{]Xntcm[tijn Fónh AInSpho¡w hcp¯m\pXIpó LSI§fmWv. Aimkv{Xob coXnbnð ]mÀ¡pó FcpaIfnemWv tcmKe£W§Ä IqSpXembpw IïphcpóXv. tcmKe£W§sf Xo{hw, aµw, k_v¢n\n¡ð Fón§s\ aqómbn Xncn¡mw. k_v¢n\n¡ð AInSpho¡¯nð ]mensâ Afhv {Iaambn Ipdbpw. ]men\v D¸pckhpapïmIpw.

Xo{h KXnbnepÅ (Acute) AInSpho¡¯nð AInSnð \oÀs¡«v, sXm«mð thZ\, \S¡m³ _p²nap«v, Xoäbv¡v cpNn¡pdhv, ]\n, ]men\v \ndhyXymkw Fónh ImWmw. ]mð, ssXcv t]msetbm, Nmc\nd¯ntem I«ItfmSpIqSntbm ImWs¸Spw. tImfnt^mw  AInSpho¡¯nð ]\nbpïmIpw. Xoä XnómXncn¡ð, \S¡m³ _p²nap«v, hndbð, ]men\v ]Icw hbvt¡mð \nd¯nepÅ {ZmhIw DudnhcpI, \oÀs¡«v, Iñn¸v apXemb tcmKe£W§Ä ImWs¸Spw.

tcmKwaqew ]mepð¸mZ\tijn IpdbpóXn\mð tcmKmcw`¯nð Xsó NnInÕ Bcw`n¡Ww. tcmKs¯ \nb{´n¡m³ Bân_tbm«n¡v acpópIÄ \ðtIïnhcpw. ape¡m¼nð Bân_tbm«nIv acpópIÄ shädn\dn tUmÎdpsS \nÀt±i{]Imcw ]pc«póXv D¯aamWv.

tcmK\nb{´Ww

  1. sXmgp¯pw ]cnkchpw Znhtk\ AWp\miI emb\n Xfn¨v hr¯nbm¡Ww. CXn\mbn tkmUm¡mcw, »o¨nMv ]uUÀ, Ip½mbw FónhbnesX¦nepsamóv D]tbmKn¡mw.
  2. hf¡pgn sXmgp¯n\Sp¯p Xsó thWw.
  3. sXmgp¯v Bhiy¯n\v Imäpw shfn¨hpw IS¡¯¡ hn[¯nembncn¡Ww.
  4. sXmgp¯nsâ \new A[nIw sNcnhnñmsX tIm¬{Ioäv sN¿Ww. sXmgp¯nð shÅw sI«n \nð¡pó IpgnIfpïmhcpXv.
  5. Idhbv¡pap¼v AInSpw ape¡m¼pIfpw \ómbn IgpIn XpSbv¡Ww.
  6. Idh¡mc³ ipNnXzt_m[apÅ Bfmbncn¡Ww. ssIbnse \J§Ä apdn¨p amäWw.
  7. imkv{Xob IdhcoXnIÄ A\phÀ¯n¡Ww. ape¡m¼pIÄ DÅwssIbnsemXp¡n XÅhncðsImïv ]ngnªp Id¡mw. Hcn¡epw XÅhncðsImïv aS¡n ]ngnbcpXv.
  8. hr¯nbpÅ Idh¸m{X§Ä D]tbmKn¡Ww.
  9. Idh¡ptijw ape¡m¼pIÄ t\À¸n¨ t]mhntUm¬ AbUn³ emb\nbnð 5-10 sk¡³Uv t\cw ap¡Ww (Hcp I¸v shůnð 10 XpÅn hoXw). CXv Soäv Un¸nMv Fó t]cnednbs¸Spóp.
  10. ASp¯ {]kh¯n\v ap¼v {Iaambn am{Xsa Idh Hgnhm¡mhq. Hcn¡epw s]s«óv Hgnhm¡cpXv. CXv AInSpho¡¯n \nShcp¯pw. BZyw ]mepð¸mZ\¯n\v \ðIpó Xoä Hgnhm¡n Idh XhW ZoÀLn¸n¨v 2þ3 BgvNsImïv 71/2 amk¯nð Idh Hgnhm¡Ww. Ahkm\s¯ Idhbnð apgph³ ]mepw IdsóSp¯tijw ape¡m¼pIfnð 3 BgvN CShn«v Bân_tbm«n¡v acpópIÄ Ibän XSbpóXv AInSpho¡w \nb{´n¡m³ klmbn¡pw. CXv häpIme NnInÕ (Dry con therapy) Fó t]cnednbs¸Spóp.
  11. ]mð Id¡pt¼mÄ AkzØX ImWn¡pó FcpaIfnð ape¡m¼nð apdnhpItfm £X§tfm hcmXncn¡m³ {]tXyIw {i²n¡Ww.

amansseänkv (Ulcerative/Allergic mammilitis)

FcpaIfnð BZys¯ {]kh¯n\ptijapïmIpó tcmKamWnXv. Htóm AXne[nItam ape¡m¼pIÄ Nphóv XSn¨ncn¡pw. sXm«mð thZ\ ImWn¡pw. {]khm\´cw ape¡m¼v ]nSn¡pt¼mÄ FcpaIÄ¡v C¡nfn DïmImdpïv. Cu kab¯v Fcpa AkzØX ImWn¡pw. XpSÀópïmIpó £X§fmWv CXn\v hgnsbmcp¡Xv. ]men\v \nddzyXymktam, cpNn¡pdthm ImWs¸Smdnñ. ape¡m¼nse \oÀs¡«pw Iñn¸pw aqew AInSpho¡w hcm\pw km[yXbpïv. bYmkabw NnInÕ e`n¨nsñ¦nð ape¡m¼v Npcp§n ]mepð¸mZ\w Ipdbm\pÅ km[yXbpïv. ]mÀiz AWp_m[ \nb{´n¡m³ Bân_tbm«n¡v acpópIÄ \ðImhpóXmWv.

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