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Animal Husbandry > Chicken

Backyard Poultry Units

The main breeds of backyard poultry are Kalinga Brown, Mumbai Desi, Rhode Island Red and CARI Nirbheek. During 2004-05 Animal Husbandry Department Farms produced 7.14 lakh Nos. of chicks. The methods of rearing chicken in the backyard differ greatly from place to place. Though the housing conditions are almost adequate, proper attention to feeding is practically not given. Also the production potential of the desi flocks in such units may be greatly improved by introducing exotic blood.

Therefore particular attention may be given to those important aspects namely,
  1. Introduction of exotic males in the backyard units.
  2. Rearing of cross-bred birds viz. Gramalakshmi, Gramapriya, etc.
  3. To give better ventilation in the night shelter.
  4. Timely preventive vaccinations and deworming.
  5. To provide some amount of balanced feed rather than leaving the birds entirely for scavenging.
  6. To provide some amount of balanced feed rather than leaving the birds entirely for scavenging.
A suitable all-purpose premix is suggested below exclusively for the use of backyard poultry. Fairly good egg production can be achieved by providing 50 per cent of daily requirement of feed in the form of balanced feed/commercial feed.

Concentrate mixture for backyard poultry

Ingredients Premix I (%) Premix II (%)
Groundnut cake (expeller) 52 60
Gingelly oil cake 20 -
Unsalted dried fish 20 32
Broken rice/wheat/dried tapioca 4 4
Mineral mixture for poultry 4 4
Total
100 100
(Source: Kerala Agricultural University)
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