Wednesday, September 18, 2019 Information Gateway on Agriculture to Convert "Know How To Do How" മലയാളം
Agriculture > Spices > Ginger

Crop Management

Varieties

Several cultivars of ginger are grown in different ginger growing areas in India and they are generally named after the localities where they are grown. Some of the prominent indigenous cultivars are Maran, Kuruppampadi, Ernad, Wynad,Valluvanad, Mannathody, Himachal and Nadia. Exotic cultivars such as Rio-de-Janeiro have also become very popular among cultivators.Green ginger varieties/ cultivars include Rio- De-Janeriro, China, Wayanad Local ans Ashwathy.Dual purpose varieties include Athira, Karthika, IISR-Varadha, IISR-Rejatha,IISR-Mahima. The improved varieties of ginger and their salient features are given below.

Improved varieties of ginger

Name Released from Average yield (fresh) t/ha Potential yield (fresh) t/ha Maturity (days) Dry recovery (%) Crude fibre (%) Oleoresin (%) Essential oil (%)

Suprabha

HARS (OUT &T), Pottangi, Orissa

16.6

22.8

229

20.5

4.4

8.9

1.9

Suruchi

"

11.6

21.8

218

23.5

3.8

10.0

2.0

Suravi

"

17.5

21.6

225

23.0

4.0

10.2

2.1

Himgiri

Dr.YS Parmar, Univ. of Horticulture & Forestry, Solan Himachel Pradesh

13-14

-

230

-

-

4.29

1.63

Varada

IISR, Calicut

22.2

-

200

20.7

3.29

6.7

1.75

Mahima

"

22.4

-

200

19

4.0

-

2.36

Rejatha

"

23.2

-

300

23

3.2

-

1.72

Karthika
Athira
Aswathy

Local cultivars/ land races of ginger

Cultivar Mean yield (fresh) (t/ha) Maturity (days) Dry recovery (%) Crude fibre (%) Oleoresin(%) Essential oil (%)

China

9.50

200

21.0

3.4

7.0

1.9

Assam

11.78

210

18.0

5.8

7.9

2.2

Maran

25.21

200

20.0

6.1

10.0

1.9

Himachal

7.27

200

22.1

3.8

5.3

0.5

Nadia

28.55

200

22.6

3.9

5.4

1.4

Rio-de-Janeiro

17.65

190

20.0

5.6

10.5

2.3

Top
Admin Login

Copyright © 2019. Developed & Maintained by Centre for E-Learning, Kerala Agricultural University