Thursday, September 19, 2019 Information Gateway on Agriculture to Convert "Know How To Do How" മലയാളം
Agriculture > Fruit Crops > Banana (Musa spp.)

Crop Management

Cultivation Practices

Season of Planting

Planting can be done in May-June or in September - October. Adjust planting season depending upon local conditions. Avoid periods of heavy monsoon and severe summer for planting. Adjust the time of planting so as to avoid high temperature and drought at the time of emergence of bunches (7-8 months after planting).


Land preparation

Prepare the field by ploughing or digging and dig pits for planting. Size of pits depends upon soil type, water table and variety. In general, pit size of 50 x 50 x 50 cm is recommended. In low-lying areas, take mounds for planting suckers.

Usually well decomposed compost or FYM are mixed with top soil for filling the pits at the time of planting.

In areas where nematode problem is prevalent, nematicides and fumigants are also added to pits before planting.

Selection of suckers

Select 3-4 month old disease free sword suckers from healthy clumps. In the case of Nendran variety, cut back pseudostem to a length of 15-20 cm from corm and remove old roots. The rhizomes are to be smeared with cowdung solution and ash and dried in the sun for about 3-4 days and stored in shade up to 15 days before planting.

Spacing

Spacing may be provided as indicated below:

Cultivar Spacing (m)
No. of suckers
Per ha Per acre
Poovan
2.1 x 2.1
2260
904
Chenkadali
2.1 x 2.1
2260
904
Palayankodan
2.1 x 2.1
2260
904
Monthan
2.1 x 2.1
2260
904
Nendran
2.0 x 2.0
2500
1000
Gross Michael
2.4 x 2.4
1730
692
Robusta, Monsmarie,
Dwarf Cavandish
2.4 x 1.8
2310
924

Planting

Plant suckers upright in the centre of pits with 5 cm pseudostem remaining above soil level. Press soil around the sucker to avoid hollow air spaces.

Top

Visitors since 1/11/2012 : Admin Login

Copyright © 2019. Developed & Maintained by Centre for E-Learning, Kerala Agricultural University