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Agriculture > Fruit Crops > Banana (Musa spp.)

Crop Management

Climate and Soil

Banana prefers tropical humid lowlands and is grown from the sea level to 1000 m above MSL. It can also be grown at elevations up to 1200 m, but at higher elevations growth is poor. Optimum temperature is 27ºC. Soils with good fertility and assured supply of moisture are best suited. One of the serious limitations to banana cultivation is high-velocity wind. When wind velocity exceeds 80 kmph it causes damage to plantation by uprooting the plants. The damage is more severe when the plants are laden with bunches.

Banana can be grown in almost all types of soils provided they have good water holding capacity and are well drained. Ill drained and poorly aerated, nutritionally deficient soils are not suitable for banana. The minimum soil depth necessary is about one metre. Soils exceeding pH 8.0 are not suitable. Banana can grow well in slightly alkaline soil, and in fact such soils are known to prevent incidence of banana wilt.


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