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Agriculture > Spices > Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
Crop Management

Climate and soil

Ideal climatic and soil conditions for cardamom are as follows:

  • Natural habitat: Evergreen forests of Western Ghats
  • Altitude: 600 to 1200 m above MSL
  • Annual rainfall: 1500 to 4000 mm
  • Temperature: 10 to 35°C. Considerable variations both in the total rainfall pattern and its distribution are noticed in the cardamom tracts.
  • Soil type preferred: Forest loamy soils.
  • Soil pH: 4.2 to 6.8, generally acidic in nature
  • Soil nutrient status: High in organic matter and nitrogen, low to medium in available phosphorus and medium to high in available potassium.


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