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Agriculture > Fruit Crops > Pineapple (Ananas comosus)

Crop Management

Climate & Soil

Pineapple grows in warm and humid climate. It is mostly grown at low elevations in areas with a temperature range of 15 to 30ºC. It is tolerant to drought because of the special water storage cells. However, high temperature over 35ºC is unfavourable for the development of fruits. They can be grown with a wide range of rainfall from 600-2500 mm / annum, the optimum being 1000-1500 mm.

Pineapple can be grown in a wide range of soils including very poor soils, but does not tolerate waterlogging. The flavour and quality of fruit grown on light soils is considered to be superior. However the sandy and loamy soils rich in humus and the laterite soils on the hillslopes are suitable for its cultivation. It prefers soils with a pH range of 5.0-6.0. It can be grown as a pure crop on plantation scale or as an intercrop in coconut gardens.

The planting season is May-June. Planting should be avoided during the periods of heavy rains.


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