In this system goats are usually tied with a rope to a tree or on a peg and they
will be able to browse from the surrounding. It is a convenient method from the
standpoint of minimum labour input and utilisation of feeds. This system is suitable
for farmers with one or two goats.
This system can be adopted if grazing land is available where goats are allowed
to browse on free range and provided with shelter during nighttime.
This method is suitable in urban areas where there is scarcity of land. In this
method goats are confined exclusively in sheds and fed on leaves/grass and concentrates.
This method represents varying degrees of compromise between extensive and intensive
production. In this system the goats are allowed to go out of the shed for a few
Integration with cropping system
In this case goats can be allowed to browse under plantation crops. It ensures increased
fertility of land by return of dung and urine and controls the weeds. The manure
output from an adult goat per day varies from 0.5 to 1 kg.
For goats, an elaborate house or barn is not necessary. The cheapest form of building
will be the lean-to-type of shed placed at the side of an existing building. A model
plan for two goats and their kids is provided. Such a shed should have a plinth
area of about 6 m2. The floor should be made of raised wooden/bamboo
platform. The arrangements for storing fodder can be made overhead below the roof.
Cheap roofing materials will reduce the cost of construction. Large-scale goat rearing
sheds can be constructed for accommodating 50 to 60 goats with provision for 1 m2
per goat. Like the does, kids should be provided with loose stalls. Bucks may be
housed individually in stalls measuring 2.5 m2 per buck.
Housing pattern for goats
(Source: Kerala Agricultural University)