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Animal Husbandry > Cattle

Breeds of cattle

Cattle of Kerala are mainly classified as cross-breds and indigenous.

Cross-bred cattle

The crossbreds, which constitute 82% of the total cattle available in Kerala, are having exotic inheritance from Jersey, Brown Swiss or Holstein Friesian or a combination of these different breeds. Jersey breed is known for the milk fat percent and Holstein for the high quantity of milk.

Cross-bred cattle in India

Sl. No Name of the Breed Native breed from Specific region Assembling centre Remarks
1 Brown Swiss Switzerland
-
India, Pakistan & other Asian countries Dairy breed
2 Holstein Friesian Holland Province of North Holland and West Friesland Through out the country (crossbreds) Dairy breed
3 Jersy British Isles Island of Jersey Crossbreds available in all states/U.Ts Dairy breed
(Source: NDDB)

Exotic breeds of cattle

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Brown Swiss

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Holstein Friesian

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Jersey

(Source: http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds)

Indigenous cattle

Indigenous cattle form 18% of the total cattle in Kerala. The indigenous breeds of the tropics in general are well known for their heat tolerance, resistance to various parasites and diseases, adaptability to atmospheric changes and high returns even under poor feeding condition. Following are some of the most important indigenous varieties of cattle.

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Amrithmahal

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Deoni

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Gir

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Hallikar

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Hariana

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Kangayam

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Kankrej

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Krishna valley

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Nagori

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Ongole

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Red Sindhi

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Rathi

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Sahiwal

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Tharparkar

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Vechur

(Source: http://www.ansi.okstate.edu and Kerala Agricultural University)

Indigenous cattle of India

Sr.No. Breed Habitat/Main State Breeding Tract Districts Assembling Centres Areas of demand Remarks
1 Amrithmahal Erstwhile Mysore State now part of Karnataka Tumkur and Chitradurg Erstwhile Mysore State Karnataka and adjoining area Draught breed
2 Dangi Maharashtra and Gujarat Ahmednagar, Khandesh, Raigad, Nasik, Thane, Surat Weekly markets in Ahmednagar, Nasik, Thane and West Khandesh district Rocky ghat areas with heavy rainfall Draught breed
3 Deoni Andhra Pradesh Karnataka and Maharashtra Medak, Nizambad, Mahboobnagar, Adilabad Gulbarga, Bidar, Osmanabad, Nanded Weekly cattle markets, Jatras and fairs in Bidar and adjoining districts

Bidar and adjoining districts

Draught purposse breed
4 Gir Gir Hills and forest of South Kathiawar Junagarh, Also maintained by NDRI, Bangalore _

Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra

Dairy purpose breed
5 Hallikar Karnataka Tumkur, Hassan & Mysore Dodbalapur, Chickballapur, Harikar, Devargudda, Chikkuvalli, Karuvalli, Chittavadgi (T.N.) North Arcot (T.N.) Hindupur, Somaghatta, Anantpur (A.P.)

Dharwar, North Kanara, Bellary (KT) Anantur & Chittur (A.P.), Coimbatore North Arcot, Salem (T.M.)

Draught breed
6 Hariana Haryana and Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan Rohtak, Hissar, Gurgaon, Karnal, Patiala, Sangrur, Jaipur, Alwar, Jodhpur, Bharatpur Western dist Cattle fairs at Jehazgarh, Mahim and Bhadurgarh (Rohtak dist.) Hansi & Bhiwani (Hissar dist.)

Throughout the country

Dual purpose breed
7 Kangayam Tamil Nadu Coimbatore Avanashi, Tirppur, Kannauram, Madurai Athicombu

Southern Districts of Tamil Nadu

Draught breed
8 Kankrej Gujarat Ahmedabad, Banaskantha Ahmedabad, Radhanpur

Rajasthan, Maharashtra

Draught breed

9 Khillari Maharashtra Solapur, Kolhapur, Satara Southern Districts of Maharashtra and adjoining districts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

-

Draught breed
10 Krishna Valley Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka Watersheds of Krishna and adjoining areas of A.P. and KT Ichalkaranji (Kolhapur), Chincahli (Gulbarga)

-

-

11

Malvi

Madhya Pradesh Guna, Vidisha, Raisen Sehora, Ujjain, Indore, Dewas, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Mandsaur, Jhabus & Dhar Agar (Shajapur) Singaj (Nimar) Sehore & Ashta (Sehore)

-

Draught purpose
Rajasthan Jhalwar and Kotah Karimnagar (A.P.)

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-

12 Nagori or Nagauri Rajasthan Jodhpur & Nagaur Nagaur Parbatsar (Nagpur), Balotra (Barmer), Puskar (Ajmer), Hissar, Hansi (Haryana State)

Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh

Draught purpose
13 Ongole Andhra Pradesh Ongole, Guntur, Narasaraopet, Bapatla and Nellore Available in Ongole tract of Andhra Pradesh - Dual Purpose
14 Rathi Rajasthan Alwar, Bharatpur, Jaipur Alwar, Rewari (Gurgaon), Pushkar (Ajmer) -

 

Dairy breed

15 Sahiwal Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, U.P., Bihar, M.P., W.B. Sahiwal (erstwhile Montgomery) Jullundar, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Kapurthala, Ferozepur (Punjab), NDRI, Karnal, Hissar, Anhora Durg (M.P), Lucknow, Meerut, Bihar, W.B. - Dairy breed
16 Red Sindhi Pakistan All parts of India - - - Dairy breed
17 Siri Sikkim, Bhutan Darjeeling Hill Tract Darjeeling (Brought by dealers) - Dual purpose
18 Tharparkar Pakistan(sind) Umarkot, Naukot, Dhoro Naro Chor Balotra (Jodhpur), Puskar (Ajmer), Gujarat State - Dairy breed
19 Vechur Kerala
-
Vaikom, Mannuthy (Kerala State)
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