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Farming of Indian major carps

Fish culture is the rational cultivation of fish in a confined water area where the practices of both agriculture and animal husbandry are applicable. Fish farming in controlled or under artificial conditions has become the easier way of increasing the fish production and its availability for consumption. Farmers can easily take up fish culture in village ponds, tanks or any new water body and can improve their financial position substantially.

Inland Fishery Resources of India

State/ Uts Rivers & Canals (Kms) Reservoirs (million ha) Ponds & Tanks (million ha) Beels, Oxbow lakes & Derelict water bodies (million ha) Brackish water (million ha)
1. Andhra Pradesh
11514
0.46
0.52
-
0.06
2. Assam
4820
-
0.02
0.11
-
3. Bihar
3200
0.09
0.10
0.01
-
4. Goa
250
-
Neg.
-
-
5. Gujarat
3865
0.29
0.07
0.01
0.1
6. Haryana
5000
-
0.01
0.01
-
7. Himachal Pradesh
3000
0.04
Neg.
-
-
8. Jammu & Kashmir
27781
-
0.02
0.01
-
9. Karnataka
9000
0.44
0.36
-
0.01
10. Kerala
3092
0.03
Neg.
0.24
0.24
11. Madhya Pradesh
20661
0.46
0.12
-
-
12. Maharastra
16000
0.27
0.03
-
0.01
13. Manipur
3360
-
Neg.
0.04
-
14. Meghalaya
5600
-
Neg.
-
-
15. Nagaland
1600
-
0.05
-
-
16. Orissa
4500
0.20
0.06
0.18
0.43
17. Punjab
15270
-
0.01
-
-
18. Rajasthan
5290
0.15
0.18
-
-
19. Sikkim
900
-
-
Neg.
-
20. Tamil Nadu
7420
0.36
0.22
NA
0.06
21. Tripura
1200
-
0.01
-
-
22. Uttar Pradesh
31200
0.34
0.16
0.13
-
23. West Bengal
2526
0.02
0.28
0.04
0.21
24. Arunachal Pradesh
2000
-
Neg.
0.04
-
25. Mizoram
1395
-
Neg.
-
-
26. Andaman & Nicobar
115
-
0.03
-
0.12
27. Chandigarh
2
-
Neg.
Neg.
-
28. Delhi
150
-
-
-
-
29. Lakshadweep
-
-
-
-
-
30. Pondicherry
247
-
Neg.
Neg.
Neg.
31. Dadra, Nagar Heveli
54
-
-
-
-
32. Daman & Diu
12
-
-
-
-
TOTAL
191024
3.15
2.25
0.82
1.24
(Source: Economic Survey 2005)

Inland Fish Production in India and Kerala since 1990-91, in 000 tonnes

Year Kerala India
1990-91
36.34
1536
91-92
40.37
1710
92-93
38.16
1789
93-94
45.48
1995
94-95
48.19
2097
95-96
49.59
2242
96-97
52.10
2381
97-98
57.51
2438
98-99
65.86
2566
99-2000
73.90
2823
2000-01
85.23
2845
01-02
78.04
3126
02-03
75.04
3210
03-04
76.18
3458
2004-05
76.45
3526
2005-06
77.98
3760
2006-07
79.00
3869
(Source: Economic Review, 2007)

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