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Varieties

Rice varieties suited for different situations

Region / kind of land Seasons Varieties

Upland (Modan land) Purely rainfed

First crop

PTB 28, PTB 29, PTB 30, Suvarnamodan, Annapurna, Mattatriveni, Swarnaprabha, Rohini, Aiswarya, Vaishak, Harsha

Palliyals (Myals) Single crop terraced

First crop

Short duration:  Rohini, Annapurna, Mattatriveni, Jyothy, Kairali, Kanchana, Harsha, Karthika, Ahalya, Prathyasa

Medium duration:  Aswathy, Sabari, Bharathy, Jaya,  Aiswarya, Aathira

Long duration: Mahsuri

Double crop wet lands:

 

a.Sem-dry cultivation

First crop

Short duration:  Mattatriveni, Annapurna, Jyothi, Swarnaprabha, Ahalya, Varsha, Rohini, Karthika, Revathy, Remanika, Krishnanjana, Kanchana, Harsha, Kairali, Kunjukunju Varna, Kunjukunju Priya, Aruna, Makom, Prathyasa

Medium duration:  Aswathy, Sabari, Bharathy, Jaya,  Arathy, Remya, Kanakom, Ranjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma, Aathira, Aiswarya, Pavizham, Bhadra

Long duration: Mahsuri

Second crop

Any of the varieties suggested for the first crop seasons (except Rohini)

b.Transplanted

First crop

Short duration:  Annapurna, Mattatriveni, Jyothi, Swarnaprabha, Kairali, Kanchana, Karthika, Aruna, Makom, Revathy, Remanika, Krishnanjana, Varsha, Rohini, Ahalya, Kunjukunju Varna, Kunjukunju Priya, Prathyasa.

Medium duration:  Jaya, Sabari, Bharathy, Aswathy, Aathira, Aiswarya, Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma

Long duration:  Mangala Mahsuri, Pranava, Mahsuri, Jaiva

Second crop

Short duration:  Annapurna, Mattatriveni, Jyothi, Kairali, Kanchana, Karthika, Makom, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana Kunjukunju Varna, Kunjukunju Priya, Prathyasa

Medium duration:  Aswathy, Sabari, Bharathy, Jaya, Aathira, Aiswarya, Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma, Karishma, Sampada, Jaiva

Long duration:  Mangala Mahsuri, Karuna, Resmi, Nila, Makaram, Khumbham, Dhanu, Anashwara, Mahsuri

Third crop

Short duration:  Annapurna, Matta Triveni, Jyothi, Swarnaprabha, Kairali, Kanchana, Karthika, Makom, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana, Ahalya, Harsha, Varsha, Prathyasa, Aruna

Medium duration:  Sabari, Bharathy, Jaya, Aathira, Aiswarya, Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma, Jaiva

Kuttanad area

Puncha

Short duration:  Karthika, Makom, Jyothi, Matta Triveni, Annapurna, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana,Prathyasa,Sreyas

Medium duration:  Bhadra, Asha, Pavizham, Kanakom, Jaya, Sabari, Bharathy, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma, Gouri

Additional crop

Short duration:  Karthika, Aruna, Makom, Annapurna, Jyothi, Matta Triveni, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana, Prathyasa, Sreyas

Medium duration:  Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Jaya, Sabari, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma

Kari soils   Kole area

Mundakan

Extra short duration:  Hraswa

Short duration:  Annapurna, Matta Triveni, Jyothi, Swarnaprabha, Karthika, Aruna, Makom, Kanchana, Kairali, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana, Ahalya, Varsha, Onam, Bhagya, Manupriya, Prathyasa

Medium duration:  Aswathy, Sabari, Bharathy, Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Jaya, Aiswarya, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma, Bhadra

Pokkali area

First crop

Vyttila-1, Vyttila-2, Vyttila-3, Vyttila-4, Vyttila-5, Vyttila-6, Vyttila-7, Vyttila-8, Vyttila-9

Kaipad Tract First crop Ezhome-1, Ezhome-2, Ezhome-3, Ezhome-4

Deep ill-drained regions of southern districts

First crop

Remya, Arathi, Uma

Second crop

Kottarakkara-1, Lakshmi, Nila, Makaram, Kumbham, Mangala Mahsuri

Waterlogged and flooded areas

First crop

IR-5, Pankaj, Jagannath, H4, Mahsuri, Neeraja, Mangala Mahsuri

Oorumundakan

Second crop

Late duration:  Sagara,Amritha

Onattukara and coastal sandy areas

a.  Where HYVs do not come up

First crop

PTB 23

Second crop

PTB 20

b.  Where HYVs come up well

First crop

Short duration:  Annapurna, Matta Triveni, Jyothi, Bhagya, Rohini, Onam, Aruna, Makom, Karthika, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana, Chingam, Prathyasa

Medium duration:  Jaya, Sabari, Bharathy, Aswathy, Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Arathi, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma

Second crop

Short Duration:  Annapurna, Matta Triveni, Makom, Jyothi, Karthika, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana

Medium duration:  Jaya, Sabari, Bharathy, Aswathy, Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Dhanya, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma, Bhadra, Asha, Anaswara, Dhanu (season bound).

Third crop

Short duration: Annapurna, Matta Triveni, Rohini, Makom, Revathi, Remanika, Krishnanjana, Prathyasa.

Medium duration:  Jaya, Sabari, Bharathy, Aswathy, Pavizham, Remya, Kanakom, Renjini, Pavithra, Panchami, Uma, Karishma

Poonthalpadam

Neeraja, Swetha, Ponmani

High altitude area:

a.  Single crop areas

WND-1, WND-2, Aswathy, Jaya, Sabari, Mahsuri, Bhadra, IR 8, Aathira, Deepthi

b.  Double crop areas

First crop

Aswathy, Jaya, Sabari, Bharathy, Bhadra, Deepthi, Aathira, IR 8, Uma

Second crop

Aswathy, Jaya, Sabari, Bharathy, Bhadra, Deepthi, Aathira, IR 8, Uma

c.  Eastern lateritic regions of Kollam & Alappuzha districts

Second crop

Lakshmi, Makaram, Kumbham, Thulam

Kootumundakan First crop Samyuktha, Swarnaprabha, Vyshak, Karthika, Aiswarya
Second crop Makaram, Kumbham

Chitoor black soil

First crop

ASD 16, ASD 17, Mahsuri, Varsha, ADT 43

Second crop

Ponni, Vellaponni, Ponmani, ASD 16, ASD 17, Pranava, Karuna, Swetha, Bhadra


Important characteristics of varieties recommended for cultivation

Sl.
No.
Variety Duration (days) Bran colour; grain type Characteristics

Extra-Short duration

1

Hraswa
(Cul 24-20)

75-80

Red; medium, bold

Extra-short duration variety.  Ideal as a contingent variety for areas where there is crop loss.  Susceptible to leaf folder.  Raised only as direct sown crop.

Short duration

Kattamodan-Tall (PTB 28)

110-115

Red; long, bold 

For uplands (modan). Tolerant to drought.

2

Karutha Modan-Tall (PTB 29)

105-110

Red; long, bold 

-do- ,tall

3

Chuvanna Modan-Tall
(PTB 30)

105-110

Red; long, bold 

-do- ,tall

4

Annapoorna
(PTB 35)

95-100

Red; short, bold

Suitable for direct seeding.  Susceptible to blast, sheath blight and BPH.  Suited for I and III crop seasons.

5

Rohini
(PTB 36)

85-105

White; long, bold

Performs well during Virippu season.  Not recommended for mundakan  season.  Suitable for direct seeding.

6

Triveni
(PTB 38)

100-105

White; long, bold

Tolerant to BPH.  Susceptible to blast and sheath blight.

Jyothi
(PTB 39)

110-125

Red; long, bold

Moderately tolerant to BPH and blast; susceptible to sheath blight; suitable for direct seeding, transplanting and special systems of Kole and Kuttanad.

8

Swarnaprabha
(PTB 43)

105-110

White; long, bold

Suited for upland (modan) and for all the three seasons in the wet lands.  Susceptible to sheath blight and bacterial blight.  Moderately resistant to stem borer.  A good first crop component in koottu mundakan

Mattatriveni
(PTB 45)

100-105

Red; medium, bold

Tolerant to BPH, susceptible to blast and sheath blight.  Suitable for I and III crop

10

Kairali
(PTB 49)

110-115

Red; long, bold

Moderately resistant to blast, blight, gall midge and leaf folder.  Can be cultivated in all the three seasons.

11

Kanchana
(PTB 50)

105-110

Red; long, bold

Suitable for Kole and Kuttanad regions.  Resistant to blight, blast, stem borer and gall midge.  Suitable for all seasons.

12

Karthika
(MO 7)

105-125

Red; long, bold

Suitable for growing in all the three seasons.  Moderate resistance to sheath blight, sheath rot and BPH.  A good first crop component in koottumundakan

13

Aruna
(MO 8)

100-110

Red; medium, bold

Tolerant to BPH and stem borer, moderately resistant to gall midge, sheath rot.  Dormancy up to one month.  Specifically suited to wet season.


 
14

Makom
(MO 9)

100-110

Red; short, bold

Moderately resistant to pests like BPH, stem borer, gall midge, leaf folder and diseases like sheath blight and sheath rot.  Dormancy up to one month.  Specifically suited for wet season.  Can be cultivated in all the three seasons.

15

Remanika
(MO 15)

100-105

Red; short bold

Dwarf, medium tillering, resistant to BPH and medium resistant to gall midge.

16

Revathi
(MO 17)

105-110

Red; medium, bold

Dwarf, medium tillering, resistant to BPH and medium resistant to gall midge.  Dormancy up to 3 weeks.  Suited to all the three seasons especially to additional crop of Kuttanad.

17

Krishnanjana
(MO 19)

105-110

Red; medium, bold

Medium tillering, resistant to BPH and dormancy up to 3 weeks, suited to all seasons especially to kari lands of Kuttanad, tolerant to iron toxicity.

18

Bhagya
(Kayamkulam-2)

100

Red

Suitable for first crop season in Onattukara and eastern lateritic region.  Drought resistant in the early growth phases.  Moderately tolerant to blight, stem borer, leaf roller and case worm.

19

Onam
(Kayamkulam-3)

95

Red

Drought tolerant in the early growth phases.  Moderately resistant to blight, sheath blight and blast.  Suited for dry sowing in the first crop season of Onattukara region.

20

ASD 17

100-105

White; short, bold

Good grain quality and high yielding.

21

Ahalya

90-100

Red

Good cooking quality, tolerant to leaf folder and moisture stress in the early growth phase.

22

Harsha
(PTB 55)

105-110

Red; long, bold

Suitable for direct seeding in rainfed lowlands.  Moderate resistance to blast and moisture stress.

23

Varsha
(PTB 56)

110-115

Red; long, bold

Suitable for direct seeding and transplanting in irrigated lowlands.  Moderate resistance to blue beetle

24

Kunjukunju Varna (VK-1)

110-150

Red; short, bold

Photo-insensitive, moderately tolerant to major pests like gall fly, leaf folder, whorl maggot and stem borer.  Adapted for double cropped areas of Palakkad, Thrissur and Ernakulam districts as direct seeded or transplanted crop.  Leaf sheath and apiculus are purple pigmented.

25

Kunjukunju Priya (VK-2)

105-110

Red; short, bold

Photo-insensitive, moderately tolerant to major pests like gall fly, leaf folder, whorl maggot, and stem borer.  Adapted for double cropped areas of Palakkad, Thrissur and Ernakulam districts as direct seeded or transplanted crop.  This is a non-pigmented variety.

26

Chingam

95-100

Red; short, bold

Photo-insensitive semi-tall variety suitable for first crop season in Onattukara.  Moderately resistant to sheath blight and brown leaf spot.

27 Manupriya 105-110 Red; long, bold Suitable for kol lands. Tolerant to sheath blight, brown spot, blast, stem borer and gall midge. Suitable for alla seasons
28 Prathaysa
(MO 21)
100-110 Red; long, bold Non lodging, photo insensitive, semi-tall variety, suitable for Kuttanad. Moderately resistant gall midge, BPH, sheath blight, and sheath rot
29 Samyuktha
(PTB 59)
112-117 Red; short, bold Suitable for koottumundakan system of cultivation with Makaram in central zone
30 ASD 16 110-115 White; short, bold Good grain quality, High yield

Medium duration

1

Jaya

120-125

White; long, bold

Very high yield potential, highly susceptible to BPH, plant hopper and other pests.

2

Aswathy
(PTB 37)

120-125

White; long, bold

Suitable for dry sowing in the first crop season

3

Sabari (PTB 40)

130-135

Red; long, bold

Susceptible to sheath blight

4

Bharathy
(PTB 41)

120-125

Red; long, bold

Tolerant to BPH, moderately resistant to blast, suitable for dry sowing.

5

Suvarnamodan
(PTB 42)

110-115

White

Suitable for dry sown conditions, medium tall, moderately resistant to pests and diseases.

6

Jayathi
(PTB 46)

120-125

White

Resistant to BPH, green leaf hopper, leaf folder, blast and bacterial leaf streak, non-lodging, semi-tall, suitable for all the three seasons.

7

Aathira
(PTB 51)

120-130

Red; short, bold

Semi-tall, non-lodging, moderate resistance to blast and blight diseases and BPH.  Suited for I and II crop seasons and also for hilly tracts.

8

Aiswarya
(PTB 52)

120-125

Red; long, bold

Suitable for modan.  Resistant to blast and blight diseases.  Resistant to BPH.  Suited for first and second crop seasons.

9 Anashwara
(PTB 58)
125-130 Red; medium, bold Photo sensitive, semi-tall variety, suitable only for Mundakan season, showing reduced lodging nature. Moderate resistance to blast, sheath blight, leaf folder, stem borer & gall fly.

10 

Bhadra
(MO 4)

120-125
(125-135
for addl. crop)

Red; short, bold 

Suitable for puncha season inKuttanad region.  Low susceptibility to pests and diseases.  Tolerant to BPH.  Weakly photosensitive.

11

Asha
(MO 5)

115-120

Red

Suitable for both seasons of KuttanadModerately tolerant to pests and diseases.  Tolerant to BPH.

12

Pavizham
(MO 6)

115-120

Red; short, bold

Easy to thresh.  Fairly resistant to BPH.  Moderately resistant to stack burn and sheath rot and fairly resistant to sheath blight.

13

Remya
(MO 10)

110-120

Red; long, bold

Moderately resistant to BPH, gall midge, sheath blight and sheath rot, semi-tall variety.  Suitable for all the three seasons.  Seed dormancy up to one month.

14

Kanakom
(MO 11)

120-125

Red; medium, bold

Resistant to BPH and moderately resistant to stem borer.  Resistant to diseases like rice tungro virus and blast.  Moderately resistant to bacterial blight.  Semi-tall variety suitable for all the three seasons.

15

Renjini
(MO 12)

115-120

Red; medium, bold

Dwarf, resistant to blast and BPH.

16

Pavithra
(MO 13)

115-120

Red; medium, bold

Dwarf, medium tillering, resistant to BPH and GM Biotype-5.

17

Panchami
(MO 14)

115-120

Red; medium, bold

Dwarf, medium tillering, resistant to BPH and GM Biotype-5.

18

Uma
(MO 16)

115-120 Mundakan
120-135 Virippu

Red; medium, bold

Non-lodging, resistant to BPH and GM Biotype-5.  Dormancy up to 3 weeks.  Suited to three seasons especially to additional crop season of Kuttanad.

19

Karishma
(MO 18)

115-120

Red; medium, bold

Dwarf, medium tillering, resistant to BPH and medium resistant to GM.  Suited to three seasons especially to kari lands to Kuttanad; tolerant to iron toxicity.

20 Gouri
(MO 20)
115-120 Red; medium,bold Medium tall, non-lodging, moderately resistant to sheath blight. Suitable for Puncha & additional crop seasons of Kuttanad, Mundakan season of Kole lands, first & second crop seasons in double cropped wet lands
21 Sreyas
(MO 22)
115-120 Red Moderately resistant to sheath blight, sheath rot, BLB, and false smut, and grain yield 7-7.5 t/ha

22

Vyttila-1
(Chootupokkali-Tall)

115

Red

Suitable for Pokkali areas.

23

Vyttila-2
(Cheruvirippu Tall)

125-130

Red; bold

Suitable for virippu season in the saline areas of Ernakulam and Alappuzha districts

 

24

Vyttila-3

110-115

Red

Suitable for virippu season in the coastal saline areas of Ernakulam and Alappuzha districts.

25

Vyttila-4

120-125

Red

Suitable for virippu season in the coastal saline areas (Pokkali ecosystem) and other flood prone areas and deep water situations.

26

Vyttila-5

115-120

Red

Tall, moderately lodging, tolerant to major diseases and pests except BLB, leaf scald, stem borer, leaf folder and rice bug.

27 Vytilla-6 105-110 Red, Medium, Bold Semi-tall, non-lodging,tolerant to salinity,acidity, and submergence. Suitable for Virippu season in the coastal saline areas (Pokkali ecosystem)
28 Vytilla-7 110-115 White, long, slender Semi-tall, non-ledging, high yielding, saline tolerant, suitable for coastal saline ecosystem of Kerala
29 Vytilla-8 115-120 Red, medium, bold Medium tall, non-lodging, high yielding, saline tolerant, suitable for coastal saline ecosystem of Kerala
30 Ezhome-9 110-115 Red, medium Suitable for kharif season in the high saline coastal areas. It is a high yielding saline tolerant variety having submergence tolerance also
31 Ezhome-2 125-130 Red, medium, bold Suitable for Virippu season in the saline coastal Kaipad areas of North Kerala. Non-ledging with medium height, non shattering awn-less grains with good cooking qualities. No pest and disease incidence at Kaipad field condition
32 Ezhome-3 120-125 Red Medium duration variety tolerant to medium salinity suited to Kaipad and Pokkali soils during Kharif and Rabi seasons

33

Arathi
(ACV-1)

120-135

Red

Seed dormancy up to one month.  Recommended for southern region for virippu season for delayed sowing and for situations where over aged seedling may have to be planted.  Moderately resistant to sheath blight, sheath rot and BPH.

34 

Vaishak (PTB 60)

117-125

Red; short, bold

Suitable for direct seeding, during Kharif season in the uplands, tolerant to moisture stress, resistant to blue beetle, moderate resistance to stem borer and whorl maggot

35 

Sampada

130-135

White

Semi-dwarf, non-lodging, high yielding, medium slender white kernel rice variety suitable for export with good cooking quality, high milling percentage, (72.7 %) and head rice recovery -70.1%. tolerant to blast, RTD, and WBPH

Long duration

1

Lakshmi
(Kayamkulam-1)

175-180

Red

Suitable for second crop season.  Moderately resistant to leaf roller, blast, blight and sheath blight, fairly resistant to stem borer.

2

Dhanya
(Kayamkulam-4)

160-165

Red

Photosensitive, moderately resistant to stem borer, gall midge, sheath blight and blast.

3

Rashmi
(PTB 44)

150-160

Red

Suitable for growing in the second crop as the mundakan for Koottumundakan  system.  Resistant to leaf folder and tolerant to gall midge.

4

Neeraja
(PTB 47)

140-150

White

Moderately resistant to leaf folder, resistant to blast and moderately susceptible to sheath blight, non-lodging, photosensitive, dormant, suited to flood prone and waterlogged areas and poonthal padams.

5

Nila
(PTB 48)

160-180

Red; short, bold

Photosensitive, capable of producing good grain and straw yields under low fertilizer application.  Suitable for  Karinkora cultivation.  Highly resistant to thrips, BPH and moderately resistant to gall midge, stem borer and sheath blight.  Can be cultivated in areas where water supply is assured till the middle of January.

6

Mangala­ Mahsuri
(PTB 53)

140-145

Red; medium, slender

Multiple resistant, tolerant to iron toxicity and waterlogging.  Good response to low fertilizer regimes.

7

Karuna
(PTB 54)

140-145

Red; long, bold

Multiple resistant, tolerant to iron toxicity, good response to low fertilizer regimes, susceptible to brown spot.  Specific to II crop season.

8

Kottarakkara-1
(Cheradi)

140-145

Red

For waterlogged deep soils

9

Makaram
(KTR 2)

160-165

Red; short, bold

Photosensitive; suitable for eastern lateritic region; II crop component in  Koottumundakan system

10

Kumbham
(KTR 3)

165-175

Red; short, bold

Photosensitive, tolerant to lodging; suitable for eastern lateritic region; II crop component in Koottumundakan  system

11

Pankaj (Semi-tall)

135-140

White

For ill-drained deep soils, susceptible to leaf blight.

12

H4 (Tall)

125-145

Red; bold

For ill-drained deep soils

13

Mahsuri (Tall)

125-145

White; fine rice

Excessive shedding of grains at maturity, susceptible to blast.

14

Sagara

180-190

Red

Photosensitive

15

Deepthi

150-160

Red

Semi-tall, photo-insensitive, moderately resistant to blast, leaf folder and stem borer, moderately resistant to drought

16

Ponni

140-145

White; medium, slender

Fine grain quality rice

17

White Ponni

135-140

White; medium, slender

Fine grain quality rice

18

Ponmani

160-165

White; short, bold

Resistant to BPH; high yield potential

19

Pranava

130-135

White, medium, slender

Multiple resistant. Suitable for the black cotton soils of Chittoor

20

Swetha (PTB-57)

140-145

White; short, bold

Suitable for black cotton soils of Chittoor taluk as a transplanted II crop

21

Dhanu

150-160

Red; short, bold

Photosensitive variety suitable for the second crop in Onattukara.  Tolerant to sheath blight, brown leaf spot and stem borer.

22 Thulam 150 Red, short, bold Semi-tall, photosensitive, non-lodging,  non-shattering, tolerant to stem borer, leaf roller and flooding, suitable for eastern lateritic region during second crop season
23 Ezhome-1 135-145 Red, medium, bold Suitable for virippu season in the saline  coastal Kaipad areas of North Kerala. Non lodging with large number of sturdy culm of medium height and with purple coloured base. Non shattering awn-less grains with purple coloured apiculus. Good cooking qualities. There is no pest and disease incidence at Kaipad field condition

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