Wednesday, November 20, 2019 Information Gateway on Agriculture to Convert "Know How To Do How" മലയാളം
Agriculture > Medicinal Plants
Adathoda

Adathoda

Chengazhinirkizhangu

Chengazhinirkizhangu

Chethikoduveli

Chethikoduveli

Chittaratha

Chittaratha

Iruveli

Iruveli

Kacholam

Kacholam

Kasthurimanjal

Kasthurimanjal

Neela amari

Neela amari

Thippali

Thippali

For more details of the Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Medicinal plant sector has acquired increasing significance globally in the recent years not only in providing safe and sustainable health-care, but also in the vital conservation of biodiversity. According to the WHO, 80 per cent of the world’s population is dependent on health-care provided by medicinal plants; and since there is a growing perception that natural products are safe as being non-narcotic, and free from side effects, the demand for medicinal plants is increasing worldwide. In India also, medicinal plants sector has traditionally occupied an important position in the indigenous health care system and the Indian systems of medicines like Ayurveda, Sidha and Unani are reputed worldwide. Moreover, India has a clear advantage with respect to medicinal plants cultivation, as it is one of the world’s top 12 mega diversity nations with regard to genetic resources of medicinal plants. And also, varied climatic and soil conditions existing in one or other part of the country make it possible to grow almost any type of medicinal plant.

Kerala, endowed with rich biodiversity, is possibly the only state in the country where Ayurveda continues to be practiced in its purest form and the state has virtually become synonymous with Ayurveda. Demand for medicinal plant based raw drugs in the state is fast increasing in tune with the increase in domestic consumption as well as export demand. However, at present 90 per cent of medicinal plants used by the ayurvedic industry is from forest and only 10 per cent is by way of cultivation. Due to destructive harvesting, availability of medicinal plants in its natural home has depleted over the years leading to endangering and even extinction of several species. This has left domestication of medicinal plants as the only viable option to augment supply.

However, scope for commercial cultivation of medicinal plants as pure crop is very much limited in Kerala owing to the smaller land holding size and high pressure on land. But, medicinal plants fit well into a variety of cropping systems, ensuring effective harnessing of solar energy and increasing returns from unit area to the farmer. Homesteads in the state are ideal for cultivating medicinal plants. Many of the medicinal plants come up well in shaded conditions and hence can be profitably intercropped in coconut and rubber plantations. Medicinal trees can be included as component in socio-forestry programmes and for reclaiming wastelands and uncultivable lands. Adhatoda, chegazhinirkizhangu, chethikoduveli, chittaratha, iruveli, kacholam, kasthurimajal, neela amari, thippali etc. are some of the medicinal plants recommended for cultivation in Kerala.

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